Stress at the Workplace

The Occurrence among Human Resources Senior Personnel in Nairobi Metropolitan, Kenya


  • Tazmin Alibhai United States International University Africa
  • Michelle Karume United States International University – Africa (USIU – A)
  • Stella Nyagwencha United States International University Africa


Work-related stress is of major concern due to its adverse impact on individuals, organisations
and communities. Globalisation and constantly adapting to new technologies puts additional
strain on workers to work faster and on tighter deadlines. The current study investigated the
occurrence of work-related stress across a section of human resources directors, managers,
assistant managers and supervisors in various organisations in Nairobi Metropolitan, Kenya.
Human resources senior personnel were identified due to the critical role they play in wellness
programmes in organisations. Nairobi Metropolitan was chosen due to the large number of
organisations present. The study was an analytical cross-sectional study and the sampling
technique was purposive. Data was collected from 201 participants from a population sample
size of 271 indicating a response rate of 74%. Participants were invited via email invitation and
on the social media platform LinkedIn. The Cohen Perceived Stress Scale (CPSS) was used to
assess the prevalence of stress. Descriptive analysis was conducted to determine the occurrence
of stress where 88.6% of respondents indicated elevated levels of stress. The study also found
that 80% of respondents recorded moderate stress levels and 11% recorded low stress levels
while only 9% of the respondents recorded high levels of stress. Since the research was
undertaken during the COVID - 19 pandemic, it may have amplified the results of this research.
Findings from the current study will benefit further research in this field and create additional
awareness to organisations on this important issue.




How to Cite

Alibhai , T., Karume, M., & Nyagwencha , S. . (2022). Stress at the Workplace: The Occurrence among Human Resources Senior Personnel in Nairobi Metropolitan, Kenya. Impact: Journal of Transformation, 5(1), 50–61. Retrieved from